Overall Green alert Volcanic eruption for Etna
in Italy

Event summary

Volcanic eruption Etna can have a low humanitarian impact based on the exposed population and vulnerability.

GDACS ID VO 1000000
Name: Etna
Lat/Lon: 37.748 , 14.999
Event Date: 21 Feb 2022 UTC
Exposed Population 30km: About 940000 people within 30km
Exposed Population 100km: About 2750000 people within 100km
Max Volc. Explosivity Index VEI: 5
Population Exposure Index PEI: 5
Inserted at: 18 Feb 2021 07:56 UTC

GDACS Score

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Virtual OSOCC
Meteo assessment
Satellite products
Analytical products
Italy - Volcanic eruption (ECHO 17 Feb 2021)Wed, 17 Feb 2021 10:35

  • There was an increase in activity of Mount Etna volcano on 16 February. This new paroxysmal phase is characterised by explosive activity. The ash column rose a few kilometres above the volcano, moved southward and fell over Catania and parts of Siracusa Province.  
  • According to media reports, the international airport of Catania has been temporarily closed due to the ash column.
  • According to the Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), the aviation colour code has been lowered from red to orange due to the decrease in the explosive activity over the past few hours.
Italy - Volcanic eruption (ECHO 02 Apr 2021)Fri, 02 Apr 2021 16:14

  • A new paroxysmal event of Mount Etna volcano has been reported on 31 March at 23.00 UTC. This phase was characterised by explosive activity at the Southeast Crater that has gradually switched to a lava fountain. The ash column rose up to 9 km above sea level and moved south-southwestward.
  • As of 1 April at 21.37 UTC, the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) recorded lava flows started at the eastern edge of the Southeast Crater expanding in the upper part of the Valle del Bove.
  • According to media reports, the international airport of Catania was temporarily closed on 1 April due to the ash column.
  • The Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), has lowered the aviation colour code from red to orange due to the decrease in the explosive activity over the past few hours.
Detailed event map. European Union, 2022. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Updates on volcanic activity (Smithsonian)

The Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report provides information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Latest Etna report has been published on 17 Feb 2021 08:52.
INGV reported that Strombolian activity from all four of Etna?s summit craters, the Southeast Crater (SEC), Northeast Crater (NEC), Bocca Nuova (BN), and Voragine (VOR), was visible during 8-14 February. The frequency and intensity of explosions at SEC were variable; almost continuous strong explosions originated from two vents in the E part of the top of the cone. Tephra accumulated near the top of the cone and rolled several tens of meters down the flanks. Minor ash emissions rapidly dispersed. Less-intense Strombolian activity occurred at the S vent (also called the saddle vent). Intra-crater Strombolian activity at NEC sometimes produced nighttime crater incandescence. The activity at BN sometimes ejected coarse material beyond the crater rim, and rare emissions that had diffuse ash content. The the VOR Strombolian explosions ejected material that sometimes rose above the crater rim and generated diffuse ash emissions. During the morning of 15 February explosive activity at SEC gradually intensified. Activity originated from the E vents but sometimes intense explosions occurred at the saddle vent. A significant increase in tremor amplitude began at 1700. Tremor amplitude waned at 2100, the same time that explosive activity decreased. At 1700 on 16 February lava began advancing down the E flank of SEC. Part of the cone collapsed at 1705 and generated a pyroclastic flow that traveled 1.5 km along the W wall of the Valle de Bove. An ash plume rapidly dispersed to the S. Explosive activity at SEC increased and lava fountaining began at 1710. Ash clouds drifted S. Lava flows advanced into the Valle de Bove, reaching an elevation of 2,000 m by 1759 at the latest. Lapilli, 1 cm in diameter, was reported in Nicolosi (16 km S) and Mascalucia (19 km S), and ash and lapilli fell in Catania (29 km SSE). Ashfall was also reported in Syracuse, 60-80 km SSE. Another lava flow advanced N into the Valle del Leone. Lava fountains were about 500 m tall, possibly as tall as 600 m. Tremor amplitude began to decrease at 1750 and lava fountains ceased around 1800. Lava effusion from SEC gradually diminished; the flow in the Valle de Bove was a few kilometers long and smaller flows that had traveled N and S reached an elevation of 2,900. Strombolian activity persisted at SEC overnight during 16-17 February and ceased at 0715 on 17 February. Explosions at VOR were sporadic. Source: Sezione di Catania - Osservatorio Etneo (INGV)
See the detail here

Latest media headlines

Articles: 1492 | About casualties: 1 | Last hour: 0

cronaca 23-02-2022 Eruzione Etna, la lava vista da vicino2022-02-24T00:03+0100.

Le immagini girate a un passo dalla colata lavica scesa in concomitanza al nuovo intenso parossismo dal cratere di Sud Est dell'Etna. Grandi massi incandescenti di lava rotolano a valle. La colata � apparsa ben alimentata, forse complice an
...(more)
Video Meteo Cronaca Diretta: Etna, a un passo dalla Colata di lava, ma ... 2022-02-23T17:56+0100.

Impressionanti le immagini girate a un passo dalla colata lavica scesa in concomitanza al nuovo intenso parossismo dal cratere di Sud Est dell' Etna . Grandi macigni incandescenti di lava rotolano a valle. La colata è apparsa ben alimentata
...(more)
14:28 | SPECTACLE Les images saisissantes de l'Etna en éruption2022-02-23T15:11+0100.

Les images sont impressionnantes. Ce lundi, l’Etna est entré en éruption ce lundi , pour la deuxième fois en 2022. Nuages de fumée et de cendres, coulées de lave Habitants et experts ont partagé des vidéos époustouflantes du réveil volcan S
...(more)
Dallo spazio ci arrivano le più belle foto dell'eruzione vulcanica del ... 2022-02-23T11:30+0100.

Tutti gli articoli su Dallo spazio ci arrivano le....

Estimated casualties (PAGER)

USGS estimates the number of casualties for each earthquake for the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) product.
The graph shows the current fatalities estimate.

Exposed population

Data, images, links, services and documents

For this events, GDACS has links to information from the following sources: EC-JRC (32), (2), INGV (3), WMO (1), INFORM (2),