Overall Green alert Volcanic eruption for Etna
in Italy

Event summary

Volcanic eruption Etna can have a low humanitarian impact based on the exposed population and vulnerability.

GDACS ID VO 1000000
Name: Etna
Lat/Lon: 37.748 , 14.999
Event Date: 21 Feb 2022 UTC
Exposed Population 30km: About 940000 people within 30km
Exposed Population 100km: About 2750000 people within 100km
Max Volc. Explosivity Index VEI: 5
Population Exposure Index PEI: 5
Inserted at: 01 Mar 2021 08:41 UTC


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Italy - Volcanic eruption (ECHO 17 Feb 2021)Wed, 17 Feb 2021 10:35

  • There was an increase in activity of Mount Etna volcano on 16 February. This new paroxysmal phase is characterised by explosive activity. The ash column rose a few kilometres above the volcano, moved southward and fell over Catania and parts of Siracusa Province.  
  • According to media reports, the international airport of Catania has been temporarily closed due to the ash column.
  • According to the Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), the aviation colour code has been lowered from red to orange due to the decrease in the explosive activity over the past few hours.
Italy - Volcanic eruption (ECHO 02 Apr 2021)Fri, 02 Apr 2021 16:14

  • A new paroxysmal event of Mount Etna volcano has been reported on 31 March at 23.00 UTC. This phase was characterised by explosive activity at the Southeast Crater that has gradually switched to a lava fountain. The ash column rose up to 9 km above sea level and moved south-southwestward.
  • As of 1 April at 21.37 UTC, the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) recorded lava flows started at the eastern edge of the Southeast Crater expanding in the upper part of the Valle del Bove.
  • According to media reports, the international airport of Catania was temporarily closed on 1 April due to the ash column.
  • The Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), has lowered the aviation colour code from red to orange due to the decrease in the explosive activity over the past few hours.
Detailed event map. European Union, 2022. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Updates on volcanic activity (Smithsonian)

The Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report provides information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Latest Etna report has been published on 24 Feb 2021 09:12.
INGV reported that a series of paroxysmal events separated by relative calm periods at Etna began on 16 February and continued at least through 23 February. The first episode began late on 16 February, characterized by gradually increasing Strombolian activity at the E vents of the Southeast Crater (SEC). Overflows of lava from the crater at 1805 caused a partial collapse of the cone and a pyroclastic flow that traveled 1.5 km along the W wall of the Valle de Bove. Lava fountains afterwards rose 500-600 m high. An eruptive plume rose several kilometers and drifted S, causing ashfall in areas as far as Syracuse, 60-80 km SSE. Lava flows advanced into the Valle de Bove and the Valle del Leone, and produced explosions in areas where they interacted with snow cover. Activity ended around 1900. After a 30-hour pause the second paroxysmal episode began at 2330 on 17 February with overflows of lava from the eastern SEC vents. Lava fountaining began just after 0100 the next morning. Lava flows traveled towards the Valle de Bove, NE, SE, and SW. The eruption plume drifted SE, causing ashfall in Zafferana Etnea and Acireale. The lava fountains reached maximum heights of 600-700 m then ceased around 0140. After another pause lasting about 32 hours, lava overflowed the SEC at around 0855 on 19 February. A rapid increase in explosive activity followed and lava fountaining began during 0945-0950. At 0953 lava fountains emerged from the S, or saddle, vent. At this time there were ?fan-shaped? lava fountains rising from 4-5 vents orientated E-W. The eruption plume rose 10 km (32,800 ft) a.s.l. and drifted SE, again causing ashfall in downwind municipalities. Lava flowed S and towards the Valle de Bove causing explosions where they interacted with snow. Explosive activity ceased at 1110. Lab analysis of lava samples collected during 16-19 February eruptions showed that the magma was the most primitive over the past 20 years, meaning that the composition had changed little from its formation at depth and that it ascended quickly. Weak Strombolian activity was visible in the late afternoon of 20 February. At 2230 a small lava flow descended a deep notch at the E end of the SEC and traveled towards the Valle de Bove. By 2300 the Strombolian activity had shifted to pulsating lava fountaining. Beginning at 0100 on 21 February more western vents became active and the E vents jetted lava 600-800 m high. Activity intensified at 0128 with jets of lava that rose more than 1 km high and were sustained for about 10 minutes. An eruption plume again rose to 10 km (32,800 ft) a.s.l. Beginning at 0200 the lava fountain became smaller, and at 0220 explosive activity ceased. Lava flowed SW and into the Valle de Bove. Periodic ash emissions rose from both the S and E vents later than evening. Lava overflowed the SE crater just after 2230 and advanced 1 km towards the Valle de Bove. Lava fountains and Strombolian explosions occurred at multiple vents. Activity intensified at 0128 on 21 February and lava fountains rose 800-1,000 m above the SEC. Lava flowed from the S vent and an eruption plume rose several kilometers, but activity rapidly ceased at 0220. Lava flows continued to advance in the Valle de Bove; the longest flows were 3.5-4 km from the crater, between elevations of 1,700 and 1,800 m. During 0430-0515 very intense explosions from multiple SEC vents ejected incandescent bombs that fell as far as the base of the cone. Weak Strombolian explosions at the SEC crater were visible late on 22 February. The frequency and intensity of the explosions increased and by 2210 material was ejected onto the flanks. By 2305 jets of lava were 300 m high, and by 2327 lava fountains rose from a second vent. Lava overflowed the crater at 2328 and headed towards the Valle de Bove. Within the first hour on 23 February lava fountains rose more than 1.5 km high and a sub-Plinian eruption plume had risen several kilometers above the summit, making this episode the most powerful and intense compared to the previous four. Lava overflowed the S vent and descended SW. Lava fountaining suddenly decreased at 0115 on 23 February, though lava flows continued to be fed. Strombolian activity again intensified at 0450, accompanied by ash emissions. Two lava flows formed and traveled SW and SE, the latter was longest and reached 1,700-1,800 m elevation. The activity ended at 1000. Source: Sezione di Catania - Osservatorio Etneo (INGV)
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Latest media headlines

Articles: 1492 | About casualties: 1 | Last hour: 0

cronaca 23-02-2022 Eruzione Etna, la lava vista da vicino2022-02-24T00:03+0100.

Le immagini girate a un passo dalla colata lavica scesa in concomitanza al nuovo intenso parossismo dal cratere di Sud Est dell'Etna. Grandi massi incandescenti di lava rotolano a valle. La colata � apparsa ben alimentata, forse complice an
Video Meteo Cronaca Diretta: Etna, a un passo dalla Colata di lava, ma ... 2022-02-23T17:56+0100.

Impressionanti le immagini girate a un passo dalla colata lavica scesa in concomitanza al nuovo intenso parossismo dal cratere di Sud Est dell' Etna . Grandi macigni incandescenti di lava rotolano a valle. La colata è apparsa ben alimentata
14:28 | SPECTACLE Les images saisissantes de l'Etna en éruption2022-02-23T15:11+0100.

Les images sont impressionnantes. Ce lundi, l’Etna est entré en éruption ce lundi , pour la deuxième fois en 2022. Nuages de fumée et de cendres, coulées de lave Habitants et experts ont partagé des vidéos époustouflantes du réveil volcan S
Dallo spazio ci arrivano le più belle foto dell'eruzione vulcanica del ... 2022-02-23T11:30+0100.

Tutti gli articoli su Dallo spazio ci arrivano le....

Estimated casualties (PAGER)

USGS estimates the number of casualties for each earthquake for the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) product.
The graph shows the current fatalities estimate.

Exposed population

Data, images, links, services and documents

For this events, GDACS has links to information from the following sources: EC-JRC (31), (2), INGV (3), WMO (1), INFORM (2),